Hi again. Welcome back to www.engvid.com.
I’m Adam. Today’s lesson is about getting you in shape. What does that mean? It means
going to the gym and exercising, and all the vocabulary you need to do that well. If you go
to the gym and you need to speak to a personal trainer or a fitness coach, he or she will
use these words to help you get a very nice body. So let’s start with these. First of all, most
people who go to the gym want to “get in shape”. It doesn’t mean they want to become square or
a circle or a triangle. It means they want to have a good body, and also to feel healthy.
They want to breathe easier, they want to be able to walk or run for a longer time,
they want to be able to feel good about their physical condition. Now, a lot of people also go to the gym because
they want these things. They want to be “fit”. “Fit” basically means healthy. Some people
want to get “toned”. They want some lines here and there; they don’t want to be round.
They want more lines, a little bit more showing muscles; a little bit
less showing fat. Some people want to get “cut”. Now, “cut”
means that you see all the lines where all the muscles are or should be, because you’ve
worked out a lot. You have very little fat, more muscle. Now, some people want to get
“shredded”. “Shredded” means like very, very, very cut. So if you think, for example, Brad
Pitt, in the movie Fight Club, he was shredded. Very little fat, all muscle, and
cut in all the right places. Then if you say someone is “jacked”, then
you think of Arnold Schwarzenegger. Before he was a politician, a little bit before he
was an actor, he was a bodybuilder. He was “jacked”; he had huge muscles everywhere.
“Ripped” and “shredded” basically mean the same thing. These are all slang words for
“toned”, basically. And everybody wants like a “six-pack abs”. They want one, two, three,
four, five, six. You have to work very hard for that. You have to get rid of a lot of
fat to get all the muscles to show up. Keep in mind: all of these things, they’re more
about a lifestyle than about exercising, but you have to exercise to
get all these things. Okay, so what can you do to exercise? You
can “work out”. One thing you can do, you can walk around your house every day after
dinner and, you know, work your digestive system. All the food you ate goes to the right
places, everything okay. But you can also “work out”, means you go to the “gym” where
they have all the weights, all the machines, you can exercise.
“Work out”, exercise. Why? Because you want to get rid of your “spare
tire”. Now, this happens a lot more to men, but a spare tire. So, you know in your car
if you have a flat tire, in the back, you have a spare tire? So imagine carrying that
spare tire around your stomach. You’re skinny, skinny, skinny, fat, skinny, skinny,
skinny, skinny. That’s your spare tire. Now, men also have “love handles”, you can
grab them on the side and you can play with them. I won’t explain too much where the “love handle”
term comes from, but that’s what they’re called. Women, on the other hand, it’s called a “muffin
top”. Because you know when you have a muffin, there’s the paper, and then-whoop-it comes
out? So if you’re wearing really tight jeans and then a little bit sticks out, that’s your
muffin top. So, you go to the gym, you want to get rid of all these things. Some people want to “bulk up”, means they want
to get bigger. They want to “build muscle”. Muscle. Some people want to “slim down”, means
they want to get thinner. They want to “burn fat”. So you build muscle, you burn fat. Ideally,
you do both at the same time. And, of course, more important than all of this: diet. You
have to stop eating McDonalds, you have to stop eating pizza, you have to stop eating bad
food if you want to get any of these things. Now, what can you do at the gym? You can do
“weights”. “Weights” means like actual physical, heavy things that you lift, etc., you do all
kinds of things with them. Or you could do “cardio”. “Cardio” is short for “cardiovascular”,
it means working the lungs, working the inside, getting the body, the blood to flow properly, getting
your air passages to open and close properly. One thing you can do for cardio is “aerobics”,
so you know, like jumping jacks, and all that stuff, and running, and all these things,
exercises on the floor. You do only with your body and a lot of movement to
get the inside to burn fat. Now, you can also do the “treadmill”. This is
one machine. It’s a machine that you stand on. It has like a belt, and you just walk.
You don’t go anywhere; you just walk, walk, walk for an hour. You burn a lot of fat.
“Burn a lot of calories” is more correct, and hopefully slim down. Now, if you want to bulk up, if you want to
build muscle, you have to do things like “push ups”. “Push ups” on the floor, you’re basically
almost lying down on the floor, and with your arms, you push yourself up. This is the floor.
Okay? Or you could do “pull ups”. On a bar, you pull yourself up. Pull
yourself up and down. Or you can use “barbells” or “dumbbells”.
What’s the difference between a barbell and a dumbbell? A barbell has a long bar with
however much weight you put on them, and you lift them up, do whatever. Dumbbells are similar,
but they’re smaller. So you grab with one hand and one hand, or you can just do one
hand, and you can do all kinds of lifts with the dumbbell. You can also use “cables”. These are like
machines, but it’s like a metal wire, and you use them to pull, or push, or whatever
you need to do, whatever muscle group you want to work. And then you can do a “bench press”. So a
“bench” is basically a bench; you sit on it, you lie down on it, and you… You’re lying
down, and you’re pushing the barbell up and down, or the dumbbell, or
whatever you need to do. Now, what we do with when we do weights, we
do “sets” and “reps”. “Reps” is short for “repetitions”. So, for example, if you’re doing
curls, if you’re lifting up the dumbbell, you do 12 reps, and you do it three times,
so three sets. Each set has 12 reps. Okay? So, now, if you go to the gym and you want
to get shredded or you want to get jacked or you want to just slim down, you know what to
tell the trainers or what to tell the people there who are helping you out. More
importantly, what to tell yourself. Now, if you want to practice these words,
go to www.engvid.com. There’s a quiz there to help you practice these words. You can
ask questions in the comment section. And, of course, come back and visit us again. Don’t
forget to join my… To subscribe to my YouTube channel. See you again soon.