Mission First Aid – Choking Adult and Child – Dr Sivaranjani’s Easy Health


Today we are going to discuss about choking. What to do, What not to do when a person chokes. Be it an adult or a child the principles are the
same. When a person is choking what do you mean by that? If a foreign object gets lodged in our windpipe
and we are not able to cough it out it means we are choking, and we need help. This is called universal choking position. If at all when you are in an airport you are in a
public place you are in a hotel. You are choking on something and you are not able
to get it out and you know that you need help. Try to indicate to the people around you by
holding like this. You are coughing and at the same time you are
also indicating to others to come and help you. So if I am choking and I am coughing a lot. I am trying to expel the foreign body out. Do I
need help? Not really. If a person is able to cough out
effectively or call out for help that means he is
actually able to make an effort to cough it out. So all that we need to do is just stand by and
encourage the person to cough it out. At the most ask the person to lean a little
forward. Okay but now the person is not able to cough and
is turning limb. Pale. He is not able to speak
out and he is actually having a sound like this. With all his ribs going in. This is the time you need to help the person to
get the foreign body out. Go stand behind the person in such a way that
just in case he collapses or loses consciousness
because of lack of air you are able to support him and get him on to the
floor. So now stand behind the person. Slightly lean him
forward and give 5 back slaps. What we call as back slaps, between the shoulder
blades with the heel of your hand please give 5 back slaps. One. Two. Three. Four. Five. Don’t be too gentle, between the shoulder blades
with the heel of your hand please give five back
slaps. This will put the pressure on the windpipe in
such a way that the foreign body gets expelled
out. So if it falls out. Fine our job is done. If the foreign body doesn’t get expelled out even
after 5 back slaps now you will have to give
something called abdominal thrusts. What do you do when you have to give abdominal
thrusts? So you can look here. This is the tip of the
breast bone and this is the belly button. Place your hand between them at the centre. Put
your other hand above it. So you fist one hand and place the other hand
above it and give 5 abdominal thrusts in such a
way that the foreign body gets expelled out. So what do you need to do? Put pressure towards you and upwards. Back and
up. Back and up. Back and up. So 5 thrusts. One. Two. Three. Four. Five. If the foreign body falls out fine, otherwise we
do again 5 back slaps. One. Two. Three. Four. Five. So 5 back slaps. 5 abdominal thrusts. 5 back
slaps. 5 abdominal thrusts. After three cycles if the foreign body has still
not got dislodged please do call the ambulance
and continue doing what you are doing. So you do 5 back slaps, 5 abdominal thrusts and
you keep doing these cycles until when? Till the foreign body falls out or till the
person loses consciousness. So if a person loses consciousness you have to
ensure you get him very safely on to the floor and the subsequent steps will be as per how to
manage an unconscious person. I will be dealing with this in my subsequent
videos. Now let us have a demonstration. What to do when
a child or an adult chokes. So if its a small child or a person shorter than
you the principles remain the same. Allow him to cough out and if he is not able to
cough out. Then you will have to give the same 5 back slaps
and 5 abdominal thrusts till the foreign body
comes out or the person loses consciousness. My earnest request to each and every one. Please
do not laugh or talk when you are eating. You can choke. One can die. And my earnest
request to everyone please learn how to handle
choking. You can save a life. Please do share our first aid videos. Spread the message Save Lives

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