Oh my god I’m so stressed, there’s just so
much work. My job, my assignment, everything. Are you also stressed? Really, we all are
actually struggling with stress and now we also have stress with words. That’s such
a bad news, right? But the good news is, that I’m here your tutor, Michelle to relieve
you of all the stress that you have in your life. Actually not all but at least with words
I can surely relieve you. So please join me and let’s start learning about word stress. Let’s look at some words here. Japanese,
Japanese, Japanese, what sounds more natural to you? I think to me, Japanese sounds a bit
more natural, of course I’m speaking it with some extra stress so it might seem unnatural
to you but we would generally say, Japanese. So here, let’s divide the word. How do you
break the word into different parts? Let’s have a look. This will be ja-pa-nese and how
about this one? Dance, do you break it? Do you think we can break this word? I don’t
think we can. I think it’s just one sound, dance, isn’t it? So this word here has one
syllable and this word here has three syllables. Why don’t you try doing the other three, pause
the video and come back and then watch whether your answers are correct or not? Go ahead,
try it. Are you done? I hope you are, let’s go. Lonely, lone-ly, lonely, two syllables,
education, three? Four? Five? E-du-ca-tion, four syllables. Let’s look at the next one,
you know you can count it on your fingers or sometimes you can even clap, joy-ful or
happy, joy-ful, how many syllables? Two claps, two syllables. This is so awesome. Now let’s
get back to the natural part. What sounds more natural to you? Umm… joyful or joyful.
We are not saying joy fool; it’s not, f-oo-l. We are not stressing like this. We are stressing
on joy. So in every word there is one syllable which is always the stronger syllable and
which is the stressed syllable and to help you with word stress, I have some rules for
you. Those rules are going to help you find out the word stress and make it very easy
for you to know word stress. Let’s see this pair here. Scary, what is this word, is it
a noun or is it an adjective? You got it right; it’s an adjective and what about the lion,
what is that? That’s a noun and how many syllables, two syllables each and where’s
the stress? Scary, lion you must have guessed it. For both of them, the stress is on the
first syllable. Let’s look at another example, painted, berries which one is an adjective?
Is berries an adjective? No, the adjective is painted and berries is a noun. So now that
you see all these words have two syllables and all these words are stressed on the first
syllable. Yes, that it is the ultimate rule for word stress, that when you have a two
syllable noun or adjective, it is always stressed on the first syllable. Stressed on the first
syllable. So now you don’t have to think twice when
you see a two syllable noun or adjective to decide where the stress is, isn’t it? Awesome.
Let’s look at these words here, prepare, observe. What are these? These are verbs,
you got it right, and these are verbs and how many syllables? Two syllables each, again
but which syllable is the stressed syllable, that’s the confusion. Is it same as adjectives
and nouns? Stressed on the first syllable or they are stressed on the second syllable?
Let’s try, pre- pare, prepare, that’s more natural, isn’t it? So a verb, a two syllable
verb is always stressed on the second syllable and same here, observe, we do not say OB-serve
because here the O sound is the softer sound and the sound of serve is a stronger sound.
So observe, stressed on the second syllable. What? Verbs, two syllable verbs, stressed
on the second syllable. Now we come to a really fun learning and important
part. This is gonna be fun, trust me. Keep watching. Let’s look at this word, RE-cord
and re-CORD; don’t they have the same spelling? Then why am I saying them in a different way?
Because this one here is a noun, REcord and this one here is a verb. But how do we find
out? They have different meanings also form, meaning and pronunciation, all the three things
are different. so REcord means to keep a REcord of something, like in a file or to store some
data which is important and reCORD could be to reCORD a song, that’s how you can use it.
Let’s look at the next pair, REbel and reBEL, different right? Spelling is same, pronunciation
is different, and meaning is different. My brother is an absolute REbel because he doesn’t
obey my parents, this is a noun. reBEL, this is a verb, my brother reBELS my parents advice
always, he doesn’t listen to them. Let’s look at the next pair, CONduct and
conDUCT. This one here is a noun and this one here as you would guessed it, is a verb.
CONduct means the correct behaviour or simply behaviour. So the students should have a good
CONduct in the class and conDUCT is to conDUCT a meeting. CONtent and conTENT, I like the
CONtent of the this lesson, this will be a noun and I’m really conTENT with my life which
means I’m very satisfied with my life, this will be a verb. Now the question is why does
the pronunciation change? And the reason is, because the word stress is different. Here
the word, let’s go up and look at the rule. For every noun, the word is stressed on the
first syllable. So here it’s stressed on the first syllable, REcord and for every verb,
which syllable is stressed? Second syllable for every two syllable verb, the second syllable
is stressed. For every two syllable noun? First. For every two syllable verb? Second
and the same rule applies to the other pairs as well. With this, we come to an end of this lesson;
I hope you finally understood what word stress is and how much it affects our pronunciation.
My tip for you is, whenever you learn a new word, refer to the dictionary, check the word
stress and then that will really help your pronunciation and you’ll be able to understand
native speakers much better. I’ll see you again with another lesson on pronunciation,
till then you take care and miss me, bye.