Writing – Transitions – in addition, moreover, furthermore, another

Hi. Welcome back to EngVid.com. I’m Adam.
In today’s lesson, we’re going to look at writing skills. More specifically, we’re going
to look at transitions. Again, before I begin, let me tell you IELTS and TOEFL students out
there: transitions are very, very important for you, for the essay section of the test;
big points if you use them correctly, few points if you don’t use them, or use them incorrectly.
Anyway, let’s get into what transitions are, and look at a few specific ones. What is a transition? A transition means a
change from one idea to another idea. There are many transitions in English. We use transitions
to add information, we use transitions to show a contrast; “although”, “however”, etc.
We use transitions to show conditions; “if”, “unless”. We use transitions to get
to a conclusion; “therefore”, “thus”. Lots of transitions — very important, because
they can join ideas within a sentence. But even more so, they can join two paragraphs. So what they
do really, is they create flow. Flow is very important for writing. Flow makes it easier
for the reader to follow what you’re saying, and it makes it a little bit
more interesting, as well. To “transition” basically means to bridge.
You have two ideas you’re connecting. You’re creating a bridge from one idea to the next.
Today, we’re going to look specifically at “in addition”, “in addition to”, “furthermore”,
“moreover”, and “another ______”. These are very, very important transitions, because they help
you add ideas — one idea to another. Again, very, very important for TOEFL and IELTS,
because you’re always going to be adding ideas to one topic. I’ll get to that in a minute.
The most important thing to remember here, and where people I find make the most common mistakes.
Believe me; I have marked hundreds of essays for TOEFL and IELTS. Very, very common mistake.
What people forget, this basically means “plus”; you’re adding, you’re adding two things.
You’re always adding at least one idea to another idea, so you will always have
two ideas if you’re using these transitions. One of the most common mistakes I have seen on
these essays is that people use these words, but they only have one idea. I’m the reader, and I’m reading, reading,
reading, and I see, “Furthermore…”. Furthermore what? What are you adding to? What are you
adding, at all? Then I look around, and I only see one idea. If I am the IELTS grader,
and I’m reading your essay, you just lost at least one band because of that. Why? Because
you made me stop. You made me search for that second idea that is not there. Be very careful about that.
If you’re going to use these words, there must be two ideas. They must be linked,
they must have something similar between them, and they must be pretty
close to each other. “In addition to”, “furthermore”, and “moreover”;
these are all pretty much the same. This one is probably the most formal, this one is next
most, and this is the most common. If you’re going to write a short essay, usually two
of these will be enough. Why do you need to know how to use two? Because you don’t want to repeat.
You don’t want to say “in addition”, and give your idea, “in addition”, give another
idea, “in addition”, give another idea. You don’t want to do that. You want vocabulary
variety, so use at least two. For a longer essay, you can use all three, or four as the case may be.
What’s interesting about these, you can use all of these mid- sentence or
to join paragraphs. Very important that you use them correctly, though. Let’s look at some examples
on how to use these. First we’re going to
look at a sentence with the transition working inside it. “His
laziness caused the company to perform badly last quarter. Moreover, his attitude toward
the board has put his job in jeopardy.” First, let’s look at what’s going on here.
What are we talking about? We’re talking about the person’s laziness. What are we adding to this?
Remember, here I put “moreover”. I could put “furthermore”. I can also put
“in addition”, but all three would be okay. We’re talking about his laziness. What are we adding to it?
Look at the second sentence. What are the two things we are adding
together to get the two whole ideas? If you said attitude, you’re correct. Laziness
and attitude — these are both qualities of this person. His laziness and his attitude
caused the company to do badly, and put his job in jeopardy. I could rearrange these two
sentences into one, but I don’t want to. I want to have this idea, because this is adding to this.
I have one idea, I have another idea, but they’re very much connected. We used a word
like “moreover”, “furthermore”, “in addition”, okay? All of these are about the same topic. Now, when we talk about an essay, when we’re joining
paragraph to paragraph, you have to be very careful. The last idea has to join to the
first idea of the next paragraph using one of these transition words.
Let’s look at that now. Let’s look at an essay and you’re joining two
paragraphs, for example. My general topic here is the internet. What I want to say is
that the internet is a good thing, very, very generally. I’m going to use two reasons. I’m
going to talk about two reasons, and I’m going to use basically one example. The reason it’s good is because it helps connect
families and friends. This was my paragraph before, and this is the last sentence of my
paragraph, my body paragraph. “So,” conclusion, “the internet not only helps connect your
friends and family anywhere in the world, it also makes it cheap to do so.” That’s one
good thing about the internet: communication, networking, social media, etc. Facebook… all that.
I want to go to my next paragraph, and I want to add to this idea, the idea of
connection, the idea of communication, as why the internet is a good thing. “In addition to
friends and family…”, or “moreover/ furthermore…” “…the internet provides companies with a larger
network, or a larger pool of prospective employees.” I’m still talking about the same thing — connections,
networks — but I went from personal idea to business idea, but still within the topic of the
internet, still for the reason of communication and networking. I went with one idea, and the
other idea working together for the overall idea. I hope this makes sense to you,
because it’s a little bit complicated. Any topic you take, any essay you write, where
you’re using one example, or two reasons with one example, to work together, to support
an opinion about a general topic, you can use these: “In addition to”,
“moreover, “furthermore”. Let’s say you’re taking the IELTS, the TOEFL
tests, you’re writing your essay. You’re running out of time, you’re not thinking properly, you’re
a little bit frazzled, you need a transition word — always use “another”. For example,
“Another reason the internet is good, is because it provides companies…”. This is your go-to transition.
When you’re stuck, you have nothing else, you want to switch to the next idea,
always use “another reason”, but remember, this is not your first choice, this is your last choice.
These are your first choice when you want to add an idea. But, always good to have this
in your back pocket, in case you get stuck, you pull it out. Ace of spades, etc.
— you’re a winner, right? Lots of examples on www.engvid.com , on the
quiz — go check it out. Also, don’t forget to subscribe to my channel on YouTube. I will
see you again soon for more lessons. Thanks. Learn English for free

100 thoughts on “Writing – Transitions – in addition, moreover, furthermore, another

  1. The best english classes on videos I have ever watched! Thanks a lot Sir. You have made lives of many out there, easier! 👍

  2. Thank you very much for taking time to producing quality explanation. I appreciate it. Teacher Adam explained it very clear. I will bring it to improve my writing.

  3. Teacher Adam, for dure, your teaching system is very easy to understand. Moreover, you are inserting knowledge into our brain freely.

  4. thank you teacher and I just want to let you know that I have a good score in placement test and I will be starting the classes by 1/28/2019
    thank you again and I look forward to having lots of lesssons

  5. Hi Adam, is it true that moreover is used to talk about a more important idea that previous one? And are there any differences between also and moreover?

  6. Brother Mascius is teaching english? how awesome is that! (you look exactly like Michael Nardone) stay away from the dice brother! lol (Rome reference)

  7. Thank you Adam for such a great lecture here. In addition, this is my second time watching your lecture and I was very impressed the first time too.

  8. Dear sir,
    I have followed your lessons for long time, and I love your explanation especially in a way that you explain complicated topics in grammar. Furthermore, the lessons are so easy and understandable for the second learners, your passion and keen for teaching is laudable for me. To sum up, I want to confess that your are expert in your field.

  9. This is a very helpful video as a guide on how to use transitions correctly. Furthermore, watching your video has helped me understand better

  10. You’re a great teacher. Your teaching is easy to understand. Moreover, your topics are so interesting and used in the real life.

  11. hey, igot stuck to your instruction in my last TOEFL test and i wrote almost 500 words in the 2nd section but i do not know why i got 20 only that is mean fair

  12. Is it correct………Water pollution is caused by emission of smoke.Moreover,dumping the waste into river is also a factor of water pollution.

  13. I admit you are a good lecturer and there is no doubt about that but your illustrations are quite muddled. You certainly have to improvise in that area, probably by using a more sophisticated method instead of writing on the board

  14. How can I use this transition words as a beginner and take advantage of writing well. You explain this very well but there so so many different transition words to use. Do you mean that every word have formula to use. For example you telling In addition to, furthermore, another basically menas + 2 ideas!? Is this the same for all transition words and how can I learn all the transitions words and all the ideas behind for similar between them ?

  15. Very informative for good writing. Do you have any video on how to do transition to opposite idea. For Example for Internet I want to jump from Good Things to Bad Things about Internet from one paragraph to another.

  16. i'm just want to you say great thank's because i'v relly benefit to your lessons that can get me to the next level of english skills

  17. JAJAJA Alguien vino investigando esto con explicación en español? Y no le entiendo ni gaver a este Men? Jajjaa

  18. everyone admires your teaching quality and im not out of them. i just want to add a little more that is you never forget to smile while teaching. its not that easy to smile all the time while teaching a harder topic. thanks for the smile. its a medicare for the students like me.

  19. I'm taking my CAE cambridge exam very soon and I'm not that good at linking words, thanks for extra help 🙂

  20. Congrats on the video!
    Learning English?
    Irregular Verbs. The Ultimate Guide/ Amazon.
    A book simple in form but rich in content!

  21. I sincerely appreciate your assistance, the basic principles of writing skill have perfectly aided me. Additionally, such advises probably offers us the opportunity to be employed in an enterprise company .

  22. Thanks a lot.
    Adam is one of the fabulous teacher I had ever seen in Youtube chanels. He always present unique lessons which includes information in detail. Moreover, he presents the hard lessons in a form of easy way to let the English learners get familiar with it.

  23. Hi Adam thank you for your English lessons and I have learned from you about phrasal verbs and other English lessons and finally thanks to you because you are intelligent, great, and interesting teacher.

  24. Adam, May I ask you to put a separate video for Comprehensive writing? I want to you improve my writings.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *